WUDHU, TAYAMMUM & GHUSL


“O Believers! When you prepare for prayers, wash your faces and your hands up to the elbows, and wipe your heads, and your feet to the ankles … and [if you] do not find water then betake yourselves to clean earth and wipe your faces and your hands with it.”
(Al-Qur'an: Chapter 5, Verse 6)

NO prayer is accepted without a correct Wudu, so it is IMPORTANT for you to learn how to do it, and ask those who know how to teach you things you are not sure about. 

 I WUDHU II.TAYAMMUM III GHUSL Q&A

Noor Ahkam 'Film ' explaining Wudhu Ghusl & Salaat      |    Film explaining Wudhu

Salaat Assessment BOYS (pdf)     Salah assessment Qfatima

How to Perform Wudhu, Tayammum & Ghusl
Prior to performing the daily prayers, and as a recommended or obligatory prerequisite to other acts of worship, Muslims must purify themselves – this is usually done with water. The minor form of this purification with water is called Wudhu, while the major form is called Ghusl. If water is not available, the purification can be performed with clean earth or soil, and is called Tayammum.

I WUDHU      14 urdu lectures click here      

When to Perform Wudhu  -  How to Perform Wudhu  -  Mustahabaat of Wudhoo  -  Jabira Wudhu(on bandage) - Questions

When to Perform Wudhu

Every Muslim must be in a state of spiritual purification before performing the daily obligatory prayers. The same state of purification must also be achieved before numerous other acts of worship, such as optional prayers, touching the script of the Qur`an and the rites of the pilgrimage (Hajj) can be performed. In most cases, it is sufficient to perform Wudhu in order to achieve this purification. However, at other times, a Ghusl must be performed.

Things that Annul it:
1. After passing urine and faeces.
2. Passing intestinal or stomach gas.
3. Sleeping in such a way that the ears do not hear and the eyes do not see,
4. Entering any state of loss of conscience. 
     These are some of the most important ones, you have to do more research your self depending your gender. 

How to Perform Wudhu     Pdf

Step 1: Niyyah: Make your intention as, "I am performing Wudhu for the pleasure of Allah, and to seek closeness to Him”.
 

Washing the face: First, remove anything on the face (and hands) that may prevent water from reaching the skin before beginning Wudhu (physical items such as a watch, ring, etc… or even things such as paint or anything which would act as a barrier over the skin). Take a handful of water in the right hand and pour this water over the face from the top (just above the forehead). Then using the right hand, wipe the face from the tip of where the hair-line is to the bottom of the chin such that the water reaches all parts from the hair­line to chin, and the entire horizontal plane of the face within the reach of the span of the hand from the middle finger to the thumb. To ensure that all external parts have been washed, include a bit of the inner parts of your nose, lips, and eyes in the

 washing. You do not, however, need to wash the complete inner portion of these parts. Washing once as described above is obligatory. A second such washing is recommended while subsequent washings are prohibited.


Washing the arms: Using the left hand, pour water over the right arm from the elbow to the finger-tips and then, with the same hand, wipe the water over both sides of the arm to ensure that all parts are washed. Then do the same with the left arm by using the right hand. The washing must be done from the elbows to the fingertips and not vice versa. Pour water from a little above the elbow to ensure that the whole forearm is covered. Wash in such a way that the water penetrates the hair, if any, and reaches the skin. Again, washing once as described above is obligatory. A second such washing is recommended while subsequent washings are prohibited.

Regarding washing of the face and hands:
.^. Wash by pouring water from top to bottom. Washing the other way will invalidate your Wudhu.
.^. In general, wash a little beyond the required limit in order to make sure all parts are covered.

^. In Washing the face and arms, water must flow over them, even if with the help of the hand, but rinsing is not enough. The first   time is wajeb and the second time is mustahab and the third time is Haram, (forbidden)


You have to be sure that the water you use is 100% is pure water, and is not ghasby, usurped.     
 

Wiping the head: Next, wipe the front most quarter of the head with the moisture that remains in your right hand. Wipe from the upper part of the head downwards (from the back of the head towards the face). It is recommended to wipe the length of at least one finger. Wiping can be done with one finger only; however it is recommended to use three fingers together (the middle finger, index finger and ring finger). The moisture must reach the scalp however if the hair is so short that it can not be combed, it is sufficient to wipe your hair. While wiping the head, your hand hould not touch your forehead. Doing otherwise will cause the water of the forehead mix with the wetness of your

hands, and this will render the act of wiping your right foot invalid, since the act of wiping must be done with the wetness of the hands only.

 

Wiping the feet: Finally, wipe your feet with the moisture that remains in your hands. Wipe starting from the tip of any toe up till the ankle joint. Wipe your right foot with your right hand, and your left foot with your left hand. It is better to wipe at least the width of three joined fingers (the middle finger, index finger and ring finger), and better yet to wipe your entire foot with your entire hand. At the time of wiping the foot, actually pull the hand from toes to the ankle joint (as described above) along the length of the toe-tips till the ankles. Do not just place your whole hand on your foot and pull up a little. Please note that wiping of the feet performed on socks or shoes is not valid except in

unusual circumstances.

Regarding wiping of the head and feet:
.^. While wiping your head and feet, move your hand over them. Keeping your hand stationary and moving your feet / head under your hand will invalidate your Wudhu. However, there is no harm if your head and feet move slightly during the wiping.
.^. The parts you are wiping must be dry before you begin wiping, and if they are so wet that the moisture on your palm has no effect on them, the wiping will be void. Slight dampness on the part you are wiping is permissible as long as the moisture of the palm is immediately mixed with it when wiping.
.^. Wiping must be done with the moisture remaining on the palms after washing. Do not re-wet your hands with new water, or mix the moisture on the palms with water from other organs of Wudhu. In the case where the palms become dry before wiping, the palms can be re-wet with water from the beard, moustache, eyebrows, or the other organs of Wudhu.

.^. the head and feet must be only wiped once.

^. Washing is different from wiping in that in wiping the hand should be only wet and no extra water is needed as in washing.


LINKS -   |   Play & Learn Link on Wudhu   |  Wudhu Madressa manual

Islamic law book-Wudhu section    Dialogue on ablution (Wudhu)Demo film    Urdu Lectures

Mustahabaat of Wudhoo

Use 750 gms of water – about 1.5 pints. .. Brush your teeth even if it be with your finger .. Wash your hands upto the wrists twice if it is wudhoo after visiting the toilet, once if it is after sleeping. .. Rinse your mouth thrice.. Rinse your nose thrice .. Wash your face with your right hand .. When pouring water on your hands start from inside the elbow (female) .. Recite these Duas.org of wudhoo .. Begin wudhoo with Suratul Qadr and end with Ayatul Kursi      

JABIRAH WUDHOO   (Wudu on a Bandage)

Any plaster, dressing, or medication which is applied to a wound or broken bone is called Jabira. Jabira wudhoo is the wudhoo done on the jabira which is on the parts of the body related to wudhoo. i.e. to pass the wet hand over the jabira or by placing a taahir handkerchief over the jabira and passing the wet hand over it.

(a)   If it is an uncovered wound or fracture and water does not cause any harm to it, then wudu must be performed in the usual manner. 

(b)   If the wound or fracture is covered with a bandage and the bandage can be removed without causing any harm, and water is not harmful to the wound, then the bandage should be removed  and then do the normal wudu.

(c)   If there is uncovered wound or broken bone and if the use of water would cause harm to the affected part, the adjoining parts must be washed. Then place a paak piece of cloth over the affected part, and pass a wet hand over that cloth.  But in the case of a fracture, tayammum must be performed.

(d)   If the wound or fracture is covered with a bandage which is paak and it is not possible to remove the bandage nor is it possible to make water reach the wound without any harm, then the adjoining parts must be washed and wet hands passed over the bandaged affected parts.

(e)   If the wound or its bandage is najis, but it is possible to remove the bandage, and if water is not harmful for the wound, he should remove the bandage, make the wound paak and should make water reach the wound at the time of wudu.

(f) If the wound or its bandage is najis and cannot be made paak, then  tayammum should be performed.

(g)   If something is stuck on the part of wudu, and it is not possible to remove it, or its removal involves unbearable pain, then one should perform tayammum.  But, if the thing which is stuck is medicine, then rules relating to jabira will apply to it.

(h) If there is no wound or fractured bone in the parts of wudu, but the use of water is harmful for some other reason, one should per tayammum.

(i) If jabira covers some of the parts of wudu, then wudu prescribed for jabira is enough.  But if all the parts of wudu are totally covered in Jabira, then, as a precaution, one should do tayammum, and also do wudu as per the rules of jabira.

(j) If the jabira has covered unusually more space than the size of the wound, and if it is difficult to remove it, then one should perform tayammum, except when the jabira is at the places of tayammum itself, in which case, it is necessary that he should perform both wudu and tayammum.

(k)   In all kinds of ghusls, except the ghusl of meyyit, the jabira ghusl is like jabira wudu.  However, in such cases one should resort to ghusle tartibi.

(l) If the obligation of a person is to do tayammum, and if at some of the places of tayammum he has wound or fractured bone, he should perform jabira tayammum according to the rules of jabira wudu.

(m)  If a person cannot decide whether he should perform tayammum or jabira wudu, the obligatory precaution is that he should perform both.

If a person who has to pray with jabira wudu or jabira ghusl knows that his excuse will not be removed till the end of time for Salaat, he can offer prayers in the prime time.  But if he hopes that his excuse will be removed before the Salaat becomes qazaa, it is better for him to wait, and if his excuse is not removed by then, he should offer prayers with jabira wudu or jabira ghusl.  And if, however, he prayed in the prime time, and his excuse was removed before the end of Salaat time, the recommended precaution (Sayyid Khoei considers it necessary) is he should do wudu or ghusl, and repeat the prayers

Jabira wudhoo is done when:
The bandage is on a wound where the skin is cut or torn, provided the bandage does not completely cover* any one of the relevant parts of wudhoo.
There is a splint for keeping a fractured limb in a certain position, provided that the splint does not completely cover* any one of the relevant parts of wudhoo.

*For example, if the bandage or splint (jabira) completely covers a foot, then tayammum must be done. However, if it covers only part of a foot, with an area visible for masa, then jabira wudhoo should be done. If it is possible to wash the wound by removing the bandage, then perform wudhoo as normal. If it is not possible to take off the bandage, then wiping the wet hand fully over the bandage will do.

If the bandage is only for pain or swelling, then one should remove the bandage and perform normal wudhoo, though tayammum can be done.

If something is stuck on the parts of wudhoo or ghusl, and it is not possible to remove it, or its removal causes unbearable pain, then tayammum should be done. However, if the thing that is stuck is medicine, then the rules of jabira wudhoo apply.

Like in wudhoo, the rules of jabira equally apply to ghusl. When you are not sure whether you have to do wudhoo or tayammum, then both wudhoo and tayammum must be done.

Power point -These slides show what to do when one has an Obstruction, Bandage, or Medicine on a Part of Wudhu

A Dialogue on split (Jabirah)


II TAYAMMUM    14 urdu lectures click here

When to Perform Tayammum - How to Perform Tayammum - Things on which tayammum is allowed - Conditions of tayammum

How to Perform Tayammum

Niyya  : Make your intention as, "I am doing Tayammum in place of Wudhu (or Ghusl), for the pleasure of Allah and to seek closeness to Him."

Step 1 : Strike the palms of both hands simultaneously on earth, sand, or stone (in order of preference) which is dry and clean. (Figure 1).

Step 2 : Pull both palms together from the beginning of the forehead where the hair grows down to the bridge of the nose.  Both sides of the forehead joining the ears and over the eyebrows should be included. (Figures 2 and 3)

Step 3 : Then pull the left palm on the whole back of the right hand from the wrist bone to the fingertips. (Figure 4)

Step 4 : Then pull the right palm on the whole back of the left hand.

Step 5 : Strike the palms together upon a valid surface a second time as in Step 1.

Step 6 : Repeat Step 3.

Step 7 : Repeat Step 4.

Figures 1 Figures 2 Figures 3 Figures 4
When to Perform Tayammum

Perform Tayammum in place of Wudhu or Ghusl when:

1. Not enough water is available for Wudhu or Ghusl.
2. Obtaining water for Wudhu will endanger your life or property or you are unable to procure water by any means.
3. Using the available water will leave insufficient water for drinking and pose a risk of dying of thirst or illness, or difficulty for yourself or your dependents.
4. Washing your face and hands with water will endanger your health.
5. Water is available but you do not have permission to use it.
6. There is a risk that performing Wudhu or Ghusl will cause the time of the entire or a part of the prayer to end.
7. If the body or clothing is ritually impure (Najis) and the person possesses only as much water so that if he was to perform Wudhu or a Ghusl, no more water would be available for making his body or clothing pure for prayer.

How to Perform Tayammum
Make your Niyya (Intention): I am doing Tayammum in place of Wudhu (or Ghusl), for the pleasure of Allah and to seek closeness to Him. Then,

1. Strike the palms of both hands simultaneously on earth, sand, or stone (in order of preference) which is dry and clean. (Figure 1).
2. Pull both palms together from the beginning of the forehead where the hair grows down to the bridge.
3. Then pull the left palm on the whole back of the right hand from the wrist bone to the fingertips. (Figure 4)
4. Then pull the right palm on the whole back of the left hand.
5. Strike the palms together upon a valid surface a second time as in Step 1.
6. Repeat Step 3.
7. Repeat Step 4.

For more detail, refer to The Ritual and Spiritual Purity, http://al-islam.org/ritualandspiritual/

Things on which tayammum is allowed:
Tayammum can be done on earth, sand, a lump of clay or stone. Earth is the first choice for tayammum. If there is no earth then either sand or a lump of clay can be used. If earth, sand or a lump of clay is not availabe then a stone can be used. However, one cannot perform tayammum on minerals e.g. aqeeq, diamonds... If none of the above are available, then dust which may have settled on the carpet can be used.

If dust cannot be found then tayammum can be done on wet earth. If snow or ice is availabe, then you should try and melt it to do wudhoo. If this is not possible then tayammum can be done on the snow or ice.

The things on which tayammum is done should be tahir, it should not be ghasbi or done on a place that is ghasbi.

 More details of things on which tayamum is allowed click here

Conditions of tayammum
There are 5 conditions:

1. Niyya If there is only tayammum to be done then it is not necessary to specify if it is instead of ghusl or wudhu. If there is more than one tayammum, then it is necessary to specify the niyya of each tayammum - whether it is instead of ghusl or wudhoo.
2. Tarteeb All the acts of tayammum must be in the correct order.
3. Muwalat The acts must follow each other without any undue gaps.
4. Tahara The parts of the body on which tayammum is done must be tahir and not covered. i.e. no rings, nail polish etc..
5. Under normal circumstances you must do tayammum yourself.If you are not able to, then someone can help you perform tayammum.

Those things which make wudhoo or ghusl batil, also make tayammum batil.


ADDITIONAL INFO/LINKS  ON TAYAMMUM :-

Tayamum Q& A  |   Play & Learnlink on Tayamum | Islamic law book Tayamum section  |  Dialogue on dry ablution (Tayamum) from Jurisprudence made easy book  | More details of things on which tayamum is allowed  |  Urdu lectures

Tayamum Q& A Click here

 

III GHUSL

Ghusl Details

Ghusl means 'washing' oneself. Unlike wudhoo, it is washing of the whole body in a particular way. To be able to remove Hadathe Akber (The big najasat) Ghusl is Wajib. e.g. touching a dead body.

It is Mustahab to do ghusl on Friday before going for Salatul Jumu'a or on Eid day before Salatul Eid.

There are two ways in which to do ghusl. One is known as Ghusl Tartibi and the other is known as Ghusl Irtimasi.

Ghusl Tartibi is done in the following manner:
1. First make sure that there is nothing which obstructs the water from reaching the skin .e.g. hair oil, nail polish, lipstick.... It is best to clean your complete body and then wash off the shampoo and soap.
2. Do your niyya - It must be Qurbatan Ilallah. You should know which ghusl you are doing.
3. Firstly it is wajib to pour water over your head down to the neck. It is mustahab to run your fingers through your hair so that the water reaches the roots of the hair and to make sure water reaches everywhere.
4. Then, it is wajib to pour water the rest of your body from the shoulder to the feet - the right side first and then the left side. It is mustahab to wipe over the body with your hands whilst doing ghusl to make sure that water has reached every part. When washing the right side some parts of the left side must be washed too and similarly when washing the left side some parts of the right side must be washed.

Ghusl Irtimasi is done in the following way:
After niyya, the whole body is immersed in water all at once and the water must reach all parts of the body including the scalp. 

It is better to do Ghusl tartibi.  -

Click here for Ghusl Explained & QA on Ghusl 

MORE LINKS -  Play & Learn GHUSL |  Islamic Law book Ghusl section |  Dialogue on ceremonial washing (Ghusl)  | Urdu Lectures on Ghusl |  GHUSL Films/Lectures

 

Power Point Presentations from www.madressa.net on Ghusl

Covers all Ghusls Wajib for Men and Women, as well as how to perform Ghusl
These slides show what to do when one has an Obstruction, Bandage, or Medicine on a Part of Wudhu
Covers Details on Ghusls which are Wajib only for Women
Discusses Alternatives to Performing Wudhu or Ghusl
Explains how to Wash oneself in Preparation for Prayers
 

Questions asked  & answers on Wudhu/Ghusl obtained as per Rulings of Sayyid Ali Al-Husaini Al-Seestani

Q) In Wudhu, while washing the face is washing of beard sufficient or is one required to ensure that the water reaches the skin under the beard?

A) If the skin of the face is visible from under the hair, one should make the water reach the skin, but if it is not visible, it is sufficient to wash the hair, & it is not necessary to make the water reach beneath the hair.  In case if he doubts whether his skin is visible from the under the hair of the face or not, he should, as an obligatory precaution, wash his hair, & also make the water reach the skin.

Q) As I understand, washing the face & the hands in Wudhu once is obligatory & to wash them twice is recommended.  But I cannot underst& as to which washing should be considered first or second if I decide to pour water on my face & hands a number of times?

A) While performing Wudhu, it is obligatory to wash the face & the hands once, & it is recommended to wash them twice.  Washing them three or more times is Haraam.  As regards to which washing should be treated as the first, it will depend upon washing the face & the hands thoroughly, leaving no room for precaution, with the Niyyat of Wudhu.  So, if he pours water on his face ten times with the intention of the first washing, there is no harm, but when he will then wash with the Niyyat of Wudhu, it will be called the first time.  Thus, he can go on pouring water on his face several times, & in the final wash, make the Niyyat of Wudhu.  But if he follows this procedure, then the face & the hands should be washed once only, as an obligatory precaution.

Q) In the course of performing Masa’ (wiping) in Wudhu, is it necessary that my head & feet are in a stationery position when doing so?

A) While wiping one’s head & feet, it is necessary to move one’s h& on them, & if the head & feet are moved leaving the h& stationary, Wudhu would be void.  However, there is no harm if the head & feet move slightly, while the h& is being moved for wiping. 

Q) While wiping the feet in Wudhu, is it sufficient to place the whole h& on the foot & pull a little?

A) As a precaution, at the time of wiping the foot, one should place one’s h& on the toes & then draw it to the joint.  Simply placing the whole h& on the foot, & pulling it a little is not sufficient.

Paper # 6 

Q) Is it Wajib to wash the inner parts of the nose, lips & eyes in Wudhu?

A) While performing Wudhu, it is not obligatory that one should wash the inner parts of the nose, nor of the lips & eyes which cannot be seen when they close. However, in order to ensure that all parts have been washed, it is obligatory that some portion of these parts (i.e. inner parts of nose, lips & eyes) are also included.

Q) During Wudhu, can “Masa” (wiping) be done on the parts of wiping which is wet?

A) The parts of wiping should be dry, & if they are so wet that the wetness of the palm of the h& has no effect on them, the wiping will be void. However, there is no harm if the wetness on those parts is so insignificant, that the moisture of the palm overcomes it.

Q) What are the conditions for the validity of Wudhu?

A) The following are the conditions for a correct Wudhu:

(1)   The water should be Pak, & clean, not sullied with dirt, even if that dirt is Pak. 
(2)
   The water should be pure, & not mixed.   
(3)
   The water should be Mubah (permissible for use).
(4)
   The container of the water, used by the person concerned for Wudhu, should be Mubah (permissible for use by him). 
(5)
   As an obligatory precaution, the container of the water used for Wudhu should not be made of gold or silver.  
(6)
   The body on which Wudhu is performed, should be Pak, at the time of washing & wiping.    
(7)
   The person doing Wudhu should have sufficient time at his disposal for Wudhu & namaz.
(8)   One should perform Wudhu with the niyyat of Qurbat i.e. to obey the orders of Allah. If, a person performs Wudhu, for the purpose of cooling himself or for some other purpose, the Wudhu would be void.  
(9)
   Wudhu should be performed in the prescribed sequence, that is, he should first wash his face, then his right h& & then his left hand, & thereafter, he should wipe his head & then the feet. As a recommended precaut ion, he should not wipe both the feet together. He should wipe the right foot first & then the left.
(10)
  The acts of Wudhu should be done one after the other, without time gap in between.
(11)  A person doing Wudhu should wash his hands & face & wipe his head & feet himself. Hence, if another person makes him perform Wudhu, or helps him in pouring water over his face, or hands, or in wiping his head, or feet, his Wudhu is void.
(12)
  There should be no constraint for using water.
(13)
    There should be no impediment in the way of water reaching the parts of Wudhu.

PAPER # 13

Q) If a person is sure that he has performed Wudhu, & has also committed an act which invalidates Wudhu, but does not  remember which happened first, can he pray without performing a fresh Wudhu?

A) He should act as follows:
(1)
   If this situation arises before his Namaz, he should perform Wudhu.
(2)
   If it arises during Namaz, he should break it & perform Wudhu.
(3)
   If it arises after Namaz, that Namaz will be valid, but for the next prayers he should perform Wudhu.

Q) If a person doubts after Namaz, whether he performed Wudhu or not, is he required to pray again?  & if such a doubt occurs during Namaz, what is he required to do? 

A) If the doubt is after Namaz, his prayers offered by him would be in order.  But for the next prayers, he should perform Wudhu.  In the case of the doubt during Namaz, his prayers is void & he should perform Wudhu & then pray.

Q) Is it permitted to touch the Names of Allah, the Holy Qur’an , & the names of the Prophet of Islam (s.a.w.w.), the Imams (a.s.) or Fatema Zahra (a.s.) without Wudhu?

A) It is Haraam, as an obligatory precaution, to touch the Names of Allah or His Special Attributes without Wudhu, in whichever language they may have been written. The same is true for the Holy Qur’an.  However, there is no harm in touching the translation of the Holy Qur’an, in any language, without Wudhu.  As for the names of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.w.) the Imams (a.s.) & Janabe Fatema Zahra (a.s.) it is better not to touch their names without Wudhu.

Paper # 21 

Q) What are the things for which performance of Wudhu is obligatory?
A) It is obligatory to perform Wudhu for the following six things:

(1) For all obligatory prayers, except Namaz-e-Meyyit.
(2) For the Sajdah & Tashahhud which a person forgot to perform during the prayers, provided that he invalidated his Wudhu after Namaz, & before performing those forgotten acts. It is not obligatory to perform Wudhu for Sajdatus Sahw.
(3) For the obligatory Tawaf of the Holy Ka’bah.
(4) If he has made a Nadhr, or a solemn pledge, or taken an oath for Wudhu.
(5) If he has made a Nadhr, for which act requires performance Wudhu. I.e. kissing the script of the Holy Qur’an.
(6) For washing & making Pak the Holy Qur’an which has become Najis when he becomes obliged to touch the script of the Holy Qur’an with his hand, or some other part of his body.

Q) If a person believes that the time of prayers has set in, & makes the Niyyat of Wajib Wudhu, & then realizes after performing the Wudhu that the time for the prayers has not set in, is his Wudhu in order?

A) Yes, his Wudhu is in order. Note: If a person performs Wudhu or Ghusl before the time of prayers, in order to be in the state of purity, they will be deemed valid. & even if he performs Wudhu near the time of Namaz, with the Niyyat of preparing himself for Namaz, there is no objection.

Q) If a person performs Wudhu for an act for which it is Mustahab to perform Wudhu, i.e. Namaz-e-Meyyit, visiting the graves, entering a Mosque, etc. can he pray with the same Wudhu?

A) Yes, if he has performed Wudhu for any one of the above purposes, he can commit all acts which require Wudhu. For example, he can even pray with that Wudhu.

Paper #

GHUSL Q] Is it a condition for the validity of Ghusl that one’s entire body must be Pak before one commences to perform Ghusl?

A.378] It is not necessary that the entire body of a person should be Pak before Ghusl. So, if the body becomes Pak while pouring water over one’s body with the intention of the Ghusl, the Ghusl will be in order.

Q] Is the validity of Ghusl adversely affected if there exists a thing stuck on the body which would prevent water from reaching the skin?

A.383] All things which prevent water from reaching the body should be removed. If a person does Ghusl before ensuring that such obstacles have been removed, the Ghusl will be void.

Q] Is it necessary to include washing of hair in Ghusl?

A.385] While doing Ghusl, one should wash the short hair which are taken as a part of the body. Washing of the long hair is not obligatory.

Q] If a person does any act which would make the Wudhu void while he is performing Ghusl, will his Ghusl become void & should he start all over again?

A.392] If one does any act which would invalidate the Wudhu while doing Ghusl, one does not have to abandon the Ghusl & start all over again. In fact, one can continue with the same Ghusl till completion. However, in this situation, one will have to do Wudhu also, as per obligatory precaution.

Paper # 49

GHUSL Q) Is washing of hair obligatory in Ghusl?

A) While doing Ghusl, one should wash the short hair which are taken as a part of the body. Washing of the long hair is not obligatory. However, if one makes water reach the skin in such a way that those long hair do not become wet, the Ghusl is in order. On the other hand, if it is not possible to make water reach the skin without washing the hair one should wash the hair so that water may reach the body.

Q) Is there any difference in the conditions for the validity of Tartibi Ghusl with the ones stipulated for Wudhu?

A) All the conditions for the validity of Wudhu also apply to the validity of Ghusl except:
(a) For Ghusl it is not necessary that the body be washed downwards.
(b) It is not necessary to wash the body immediately after washing the head & the neck. There is no harm, therefore, if there is a lapse of some time after washing one’s head & neck before washing one’s body. It is not necessary that one should wash one’s head, neck & body in one instance.

Q) In the event one urinates or passes wind (or does any act which would invalidate the Wudhu) while doing Ghusl, is he required to abandon the Ghusl & perform the Ghusl again?

A) No, he does not have to abandon the Ghusl & start all over again. In fact, one can continue with the same Ghusl till completion. However, in this situation, one will have to do Wudhu also, as per obligatory precaution.

Paper # 67

1) It is not necessary that the entire body of a person should be Pak before Irtimasi or Tartibi Ghusl. So, if the body becomes Pak while diving in water or pouring water over one’s body with the intention of the Ghusl, the Ghusl will be in order.

2) While doing Ghusl, if a part of the body, however small, remains unwashed the Ghusl is invalid. But, it is not obligatory to wash the inside of the ear or nose and other places which are reckoned to be the interior of the body.

3) All things which prevent water from reaching the body should be removed. If a person does Ghusl before ensuring that such obstacles have been removed, the Ghusl will be void.

4) At the time of Ghusl, if one doubts whether there is something on one’s body which would prevent water from reaching the body, one should investigate and satisfy oneself that the obstacle is not there and if it is there he should remove it.

5) While doing Ghusl, one should wash the short hair which are taken as a part of the body. Washing of the long hair is not obligatory. However, if one makes water reach the skin in such a way that those long hair do not become wet, the Ghusl is in order. However, if it is not possible to make water reach the skin without washing those hair one should wash them so that water may reach the body.

6) When a person is in doubt whether he or she has done Ghusl or not, such a person must do Ghusl. However, if doubt arises in the mind after Ghusl as to whether Ghusl was correct or not, then there is no need to do Ghusl again.

7) If one urinates or passes wind (or does any act which would invalidate the Wudhu) while doing the Ghusl, one does not have to abandon the Ghusl and start all over again. In fact, one can continue with the same Ghusl till completion. However, in this situation, one will have to do Wudhu also, as per obligatory precaution.

8) A person who has more than one Ghusl to do can do one Ghusl with the Niyyat of the rest. In fact, one Ghusl with its Niyyat is enough to represent all others.

9) A person who does Ghusl of Janabat should not do Wudhu for the prayers. In fact one can offer prayers without performing Wudhu after all Wajib Ghusls (except the bath for “medium istihaza”).

NOTE: All the conditions for the validity of Wudhu (e.g. the water being pure and not having been usurped) also apply to the validity of Ghusl.

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Chapter # 26

 

WuDHU Definition and obligation

 

The definition and purpose of wudhu”

Wudhu is washing and wiping(masah) certain parts of the body in a specified way, in order to obtain the qurbat (pleasure) of Allah. Wudhu is a worship. One who does wudhu gets inner purity. By ordering us to do wudhu, Allah does not want to trouble us, rather this order is to make us taahir

 

Rule 315: Things for which wudhu is wajib.

1.      Wajib namaz except  namaz e mayyat

2.      To perform forgotten sajda and forgotten tashahhud.

3.      To perform the wajib tawaf of the Ka’ba.

4.      When one has done nadhr, ehed or taken a qasm to perform wudhu

 

Rule: Sunnat namaz are not correct , if performed without wudhu: Rule 315

 Rule: It is haram to touch any part of the body to the words of the Quran without wudhu, be they (transliterated) in any language eg, rumi, Gujarati etc.

It is not haram to touch the translation of the Quran without wudhu (rule 316) 

Rule: On the basis of ehtiyat, it is haram to touch the names of Allah, be they in any language 

Rule: It is better not to touch the names of Paigamber e Akram (s.a.w.s) and aimma (a.s) without wudhu . Rule 318 

Occassions for wudhu is mustahab. Rule 321

 

Doing wudhu is mustahab on many occasions. Some of these are:

1………….. For Namaz e Mayyat

2………….. For reciting the Quran.

3………….. for entering a masjid.

4………….. For visiting dead in the graveyard..

5………….. at the time of sleeping

 

 

Chapter # 27

Wudhu –Method 

There are 9 actions in wudhu, of which the 1st 3 are mustahab and the remaining 6 are wajib.

Mustahab Actions :

1.}……………. Washing both hands

2.}…………….  rinsing the mouth with water, thrice

3.} ……………  rinsing the  nose with water, thrice.  

Rule

If time for namaz is less, it is necessary to drop the mustahabaat, do wudhu quickly and recite namaz within its time.

 Wajib Actions :

4.} washing the face: lengthwise: the face should be washed from above the forehead from where hair of the head grows to the chin. Breadthwise: the area of the face covered between the middle finger and the thumb should be washed. To ensure that the required areas are washed wash a little extra area. Rule 236

5) washing the right arm: wash from the elbow to the fingertips. To ensure that the required area is washed, wash from a little above the elbow Rule 244, 245

6) washing the left arm: method  is the same as washing the right arm

7) masah of the head: with the water present on your hand, wipe the front part of the head. Doing masah on the back of the head, or on the right or left temples is incorrect.

Place your hand in the middle, kinaray edges or diagonally on the front part of the head and pull a little, this is enough for the masah. It is Ehtiyaat and sawab  to do masah with the right hand, from up to down direction, and lengthwise it should be 1 finger long and breadthwise 3 fingers broad. Rule 248,249

8} Masah of the right foot: After doing the head masah, with the remaining water on the hand, do masah on the front portion of the  foot. It is ehtiyaat and sawab to do the masah of the right foot with the right hand and the masah of the left foot with the left hand. It is necessary to do the masah from the tip of any toe to the joint, but it is better that the masah is 3 fingers broad and it is better still to do the masah of the entire foot with the entire hatheli palm. Rule 251,252

9.} Masah of the left foot: likewise do the masah of the left foot, and with this wudhu is over.  
Chapter # 28

Wudhu Rules 

Washing the face and hands: 

Rule: wash the face and arms in up to down direction. Washing from down to up makes wudhu incorrect. Rule 242 

Rule : There is no limit to the number of handfuls of water you pour on the face and arms. Pour enough water so that water reaches the entire face/arms, by itself or because of passing your hand over it, even if it takes one, or two or three or more handfuls. When you have washed your face and arms this way, it will be counted as one wash. Rule 247

 

Note: for washing the face take water in your right hand and pour over the face . It is jaez(allowed) and correct to directly take water in the left hand for washing the right arm. Then take water in the right hand and pour over left arm. Rule 247 (show practically its sawab to do everything with right hand) 

 Masah of the head and foot:  

Rule: after washing the left hand , the masah of the head and both feet should be done with the wetness present on the hands.  It is jaez and correct to do masah from up to down or down to up.  (explain bt no learning )  Rule 248 

Rule : The part on which the masah has to be done should be dry. If it is so wet that the masah does not show any effect, the wudhu will be batil. But if the wetness is so less that it will be overcome by the wetness on the palms then there is no problem. After the masah, if the wetness on the head/feet can be said to have come from the hands then the masah is correct. If the wetnesss of the hands dries, do not wet hands with any other water for masah. In this case use the water on the beard for masah. It is mehelle ishkaal to use water from any other place except the beard.

Rule  255 , 256 

Rule : During masah move the hands while keeping the head and feet stationary. A little movement of the head / feet is ok. To do masah of the feet, it is also jaez to keep the heel on the floor and raise the feet. Rule 253 , 254

 Rule : It is not necessary that the head mash be done only on the scalp. Doing masah on the hair of the head is also correct. But if the hair is long, masah should be done at the roots or partition the hair and do masah on the parting. Doing masah on the long hair of the front of the head or hair of any other place maks the wudhu batil. Rule 250

 Washing the feet in wudhu:     

Washing feet is not part of wudhu. It is necessary for the organs of wudhu to be paak , hence if the hands are najis, first make them paak.  If the soles of the feet are najis, wudhu can be done without making the soles paak. But make the soles paak before namaz. If the feet are paak, there is no need to wash them before or after wudhu.  

 

 

Chapter # 29Conditions for Wudhu

Regarding the water, container, method etc, there are thirteen (13) conditions which must be met so that the wudhu is correct.

 

List

1. water for wudhu should be paak

7. Time should be enough 

       

2.water for wudhu should be mutlaq(pure)

8. Niyyat(intention)

3. water for wudhu should be mubah

9. Tarteeb (sequence)

 

4. the vessel containing the water for wudhu should be mubah.

10. Mawaalaat (continuity)

 

5. Vessel should not be made of gold or silver.

11. Do wudhu yourself.

 

6. Organs of wudhu should be paak.

12. there should not be any sharii objection to the use of water

 

13. Nothing should obstruct the water from reaching the organs of wudhu.

 

1.} Water for wudhu should be paak : pt 1

Najis water cannot be used for wudhu. It is ehtiyat that the water for wudhu should not contain things which people find revolting, although it may not be najis eg water containing a dead insect.

 

2.} Water for wudhushould be mutlaq: udhu ka pani mutlaq ho:

Muzaaf water cannot be used for wudhu. {muzaaf water is that wich cannot be called pure. So much of, eg sugar , color etc has been mixed with the water that its now called sherbet, colored water etc} Rule 264

 

3.} Water and place of wudhu :

Pani should be mubaah means that it should be permissible for you to use  water. Either the water should belong to you or you should have the permission of the owner to use it. Using  gasbi (has been robbed, snatched or obtained in an incorrect way) water for wudhu is haram, and wudhu done with such water is batil. To do wudhu or to let the wudh water fall in a gasbi place is a gunah, but if someone does this, still wudhu will be correct. Rule 266

 4.} the vessel containing water for wudhu should be mubah:

 5.} the vessel containing water for wudhu should not be made of gold or silver: On the basis of ehtiyat e wajib.

If the water is in a gasbi vessel and it cannot be changed then do tayammum . Still if someone does not follow this rule and does wudhu, the wudhu will be correct. Rule 272.

 6.} Organs of wudhu should be paak:

During washing, the face and arms and during masah the parts of head and feet on which the masah is done should be paak.  .pt 4 before rule 275

 7.} time should be enough:

There should be enough time to do wudhu and recite namaz in time. If because of doing wudhu, namaz will become qaza or part of namaz will be after time then immediately do tayammum and recite namaz. Rule  279

 8.} Niyyat:

Do wudhu qurbatan ilallaah or to obey the orders of Allah. Wudhu done for cooling the body or to show off to others is batil.

 Rule : It is not necessary to say the niyyat or go through it in the heart. And, if because of habit one says “doing wudhu qurbatan ilallaah” even that is ok.

 If one bears in mind that I am doing all actions of wudhu to obey Allah’s orders, it is enough. The same is true for any other worship requiring niyyat.

 9.} Tarteeb :

The sequence of actions specified for wudhu must be followed. First wash the face, then the right arm, then the left arm, then the head masah, followed by masah of the feet. It is ehtiyat and sawab that first do masah of the right foot followed by the masah of the left foot. . 7th point

 10.} Mawaalaat:

Between washing the parts or between doing masah, do not give longer than normal gaps, rather do actions one followed by the next.

Rule: walking during wudhu does not make the wudhu batil. so, after washing the arm if you walk a few steps then do the masah , the wudhu is correct. 8th point , 282 ( 1st line )

 11.}Do the wudhu yourself:

Someone can help to pour water onto your hand. But you have to wash and do the head & feet masah yourself.  One who is unable to do wudhu himself should appoint someone to do wudhu..9 th point , 285

 12.} there should be shar’an nothing to prevent you from using the water:

Example: If using waterwill cause an illness, or nothing will be left for drinkingetc.In such cases do tayammum and recite namaz.   

Rule :If pouring little water is not harmful, while pouring a lot is harmful, it is necessary to do wudhu with little water.  10 th point , 287 

 13.} Nothing should prevent water from reaching the organs of wudhu:

If there are things such as color, dirt,oil, nail polish on the organs for wudhu, first remove these. If the washing or masah  parts have things which do not have paticles eg, stain of medicines, henna etc, this is ok.  

 Chapter # 30         

Wudhu Mubtelaat(Things which break wudhu) 

Certain things break the wudhu, make wudhu batil. These are called Hadas e Asgar (small hadas

So if a hadath e asgar occurs, do wudhu again and then you can do all those things which require wudhu.  

Some hadath e asgar are:  

1.} To urinate

 2.} to pass stools 

3.} gas from the stomach (Reeh-Maide) or intestines which comes out from the place of stools.  

4.} sleep in which the eyes do not see and the ears do not hear. 

5.} certain things destroy the intellect of man eg madness, unconsciousness, getting high on drinks/ drugs etc.

Rule: if you have done wudhu, & then you doubt whether the wudhu is batil or not,, consider yourself with wudhu. And you can do all those things for which wudhu is a requirement.