1500. * Namaz-e-Ayaat whose methods will be
explained later, becomes obligatory due the
following four things:
prayer becomes Wajib even if the moon or the sun are
partially eclipsed, and even if they do not engender
Earthquake, as an obligatory precaution,
even if no one is frightened.
Thunder and lightning, red and black cyclone
and other similar celestial phenomena, which
frightens most of the people; similarly for the
terrestrial events like receding sea water, or
falling mountains which engender fear in these
circumstances, as per recommended precaution,
Namaz-e-Ayaat be offered.
1501. If several events which make Namaz-e-Ayaat
obligatory occur together, one should offer
Namaz-e-Ayaat for each of them. For example, if
solar eclipse as well as an earthquake take place,
one should offer separate Namaz-e-Ayaat for each of
these two occurrences.
1502. If a number of qadha Namaz-e-Ayaat is
obligatory on a person, irrespective of whether they
have become obligatory due to one and the same
thing, like, solar eclipse occurring three times, or
due to different events like solar eclipse, lunar
eclipse and earthquake, it is not necessary for him
while offering the qadha prayers to specify the
event for which he is offering the prayer.
1503. Offering of Namaz-e-Ayaat is obligatory
for the residents of only that town in which the
event takes place. It is not obligatory for the
people of other towns.
1504. * The time of Namaz-e-Ayaat sets in as
the eclipse starts, and remains till the eclipse is
over. It is better, however, not to delay till the
reversal of eclipse commences, though completion of
Namaz-e-Ayaat may coincide with the time of
1505. If a person delays offering of
Namaz-e-Ayaat till the sun or the moon starts coming
out of eclipse, the niyyat of Ada (i.e. praying
within time) will be in order, but if he offers the
prayers after the eclipse is over, he should make a
niyyat of qadha.
1506.* If the duration of solar or lunar
eclipse allows time for one or less Rak'at,
Namaz-e-Ayaat can be offered with the niyyat of Ada.
Similarly, if a person has enough duration of
eclipse at his disposal, but he delays till the time
to offer one Rak'at remains before the eclipse is
over, he will pray with the niyyat of Ada (i.e.
1507. * When earthquake, thunder lightning
and other similar events take place, a person should
offer Namaz-e-Ayaat immediately, not allowing undue
delay. But if these occurrences continue for a
protracted time, praying immediately is not
obligatory. If one delays when one should not, then,
as per recommended precaution, Namaz-e-Ayaat should
be offered without the niyyat of ada or qadha.
1508. If a person did not know about the sun
or the moon eclipse, and came to know after the
eclipse was over, he should give its qadha if it was
a total eclipse. And if he comes to know that the
eclipse was partial, qadha will not be obligatory.
1509. * If certain people say that the sun or
the moon has been eclipsed, but a person hearing
that is not satisfied with what they say, and
consequently does not offer Namaz-e-Ayaat, if it
transpires later that what they said was true, the
person should offer Namaz-e-Ayaat if it was a total
eclipse. And if it was a partial eclipse, it is not
obligatory upon him to offer Namaz-e-Ayaat. The same
rule applies if two persons who he does not consider
Adil, say that the sun or the moon has been eclipsed
and it transpires later that they are Adil''.
1510. * If a person is satisfied with the
statement of persons who know the time of solar or
lunar eclipse according to scientific calculation,
he should pray Namaz-e-Ayaat. Also, if they inform
him that the sun or moon will be eclipsed at a
particular time, and give him the duration of the
eclipse, he should accept their words and act
accordingly, provided he is fully satisfied with
1511. If a person realises that Namaz-e-Ayaat
offered by him was void, he should offer it again.
And if the time has passed, he should offer its
1512. If Namaz-e-Ayaat becomes obligatory on
a person at the time of daily prayers, and if he has
enough time at his disposal for both, he can offer
any of them first. If the time for one of them is
short, he should offer that prayers first, and if
the time for both of them is short, he should offer
the daily prayers first.
1513. If a person realises during the daily
prayers that the time for Namaz-e-Ayaat is short,
and if the time for daily prayers is also short, he
should complete the daily prayers and then offer
Namaz-e-Ayaat. But if the time for daily prayers is
not short, he should break that prayers and first
offer Namaz-e-Ayaat and then offer the daily
1514. If a person realises while offering
Namaz-e-Ayaat, that the time for daily prayers is
short, he should leave Namaz-e-Ayaat and start
offering the daily prayers. After completing the
daily prayers, and before performing any act which
invalidates the prayers, he should start
Namaz-e-Ayaat from where he left.
1515. * If solar or lunar eclipse, thunder,
lightning or any other similar events take place
when a woman is in her menses or nifas, it will not
be obligatory for her to offer Namaz-e-Ayaat, nor is
there any qadha upon her.
M e t h o d o f O f f e r i
n g N a m a z - e - A y a a t
1516. Namaz-e-Ayaat consists of two Rak'ats,
and there are five Ruku in each.
Its method is as
follows: After making niyyat of offering the
prayers, one should say takbir (Allahu Akbar)
and recite Surah al-Hamd and the other Surah,
and then perform the Ruku. Thereafter, he
should stand and recite Surah al-Hamd and a
Surah and then perform another Ruku. He
should repeat this action five times,
and, when he stands after the fifth Ruku, he
should perform two Sajdah, and then stand up to
perform the second Rak'at in the same manner
as he has done in the first. Then he should recite
tashahhud and Salam.
1517. * Namaz-e-Ayaat can also be offered in the
niyyat to offer Namaz-e-Ayaat, a person is
allowed to say takbir and recite Surah al-Hamd
and then divide the verses of the other Surah
into five parts, and recite one verse or
more or less, and thereafter perform the
Ruku. He should then stand up and recite
another part of the Surah (without reciting
Surah al-Hamd) and then perform another Ruku. He
should repeat this action, and finish that
Surah before performing the fifth Ruku.
It is also
permissible to divide a Surah into less than
five parts. In that event, however, it is
necessary that when the Surah is over, one
should recite Surah al-Hamd before the next Ruku.
1518. There is no harm if in one Rak'at of
Namaz-e-Ayaat, a person after Surah Al Hamd recites
another Surah five times, and in the second Rak'at
recites Surah Al Hamd, and divides the other Surah
into five parts.
1519. * The things which are obligatory and
Mustahab in daily prayers are also obligatory and
Mustahab in Namaz-e-Ayaat. However, if Namaz-e-Ayaat
is offered in congregation, one may say 'As-salaat'
three times in place of Adhan and Iqamah. If the
prayer is not being offered in congregation, it is
not necessary to say anything.
1520. It is Mustahab that the person offering
Namaz-e-Ayaat should say takbir before and after
Ruku, and after the fifth and tenth Ruku he should
say Sami'allahu liman hamida before takbir.
1521. It is Mustahab that qunut be recited
before the second, fourth, sixth, eighth and tenth
Ruku, but it will be sufficient if qunut is recited
only before the tenth Ruku.
1522. If a person doubts as to how many
Rak'ats he has offered in Namaz-e-Ayaat, and is
unable to arrive at any decision, his prayer is
1523. * If a person doubts whether he is in
the last Ruku of the first Rak'at, or in the first
Ruku of the second Rak'at, and he cannot arrive at
any decision, his Namaz-e-Ayaat is void. But if he
doubts whether he has performed four Ruku or five,
and if the doubt takes place before he goes into
Sajdah, he should perform the Ruku about which he is
doubtful. But if he has reached the stage of Sajdah,
he should ignore his doubt.
1524. * Every Ruku of Namaz-e-Ayaat is a Rukn,
and if any addition or deduction takes place in
them, the prayer is void. Similarly, if an omission
takes place inadvertently, or, as a precaution, an
addition is made to it unintentionally, the prayers
will be void.
Namaz-e-Ayaat can also be offered in the
following manner using Sura Falaq as am example.
- After Sura al
Hamd, Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim Qul a-ao thu bi
rabil falaq, and perform the 1st Ruku.
He should then
stand up and say, Min sharri ma khalaq, and
perform THE 2nd Ruku.
- He should
then stand up and say, Wa min sharri ghaassiqin
e-thawaqab, andperform the 3rd Ruku.
should stand up again and say, Wa min sharril
nafathaati fil oqaad, and perform the 4th Ruku.
- Then he
should stand up again and say, Wa min sharri
haassidin e-tha hassad, perform the 5th Ruku
- After this,
go for down for the sujud, then stand up for the
2nd rakah similar to the first.
- Then he
should recite tashahhud and Salam.