Remember those who demonstrated us the true path of Sayyadus Shohada
.."YOU ARE A NATION(Ummah) FOR OUR NATION".... Imam Khoemini for Shaheed
Shahid (the martyr) Sayyed Mohammad Hosseiny Beheshti was born in Aban 2nd,
1307 (October 24th, 1928) in a district called Lomban in Isfahan (
He was born in a family whose members were familiar with Islamic values.
His father was one of Isfahan's clergies and prayer-leader of Lomban mosque
who went to the village once a week in order to preach and solve the
problems of people and establish the community prayers.
He passed away in 1341 (1962). His maternal grand father the late Haj Mir
Mohammad Sadiq Modarres Khatunabadi, was one of the leading authorities on
When Shahid (Martyr) Beheshti was just one year old, he passed away and
Shahid Beheshti was deprived of his meeting, however; knowing about his
grandfather's manner later on affected Shahid Beheshti's personality.
With four years of age he entered traditional elementary school. He was
so genius that he learned how to recite Quran and how to read and write in a
very short time.
After a while, having passed the entrance exam, he entered the primary
school at the sixth grade but since he was not old enough to take part in
that grade he was registered in fourth grade. Nevertheless he took part in
the final exams and was granted th e second best student title. Wishing to
complete his studied, he entered the high school.
In 1321 (1942) he gave it up, since he was interested in the theological
matters he entered the theological center. Although his home was in Isfahan
for saving time, being independent while thinking and studying, since
1324(1945) he rented a room at Sad r school of Isfahan and he lived there.
During 1321 to 1325(1942- 1946) he could study the Arabic literature, logic,
Fiqh (Jurisprudence), divine law & fundamentals and stole the attention of
his professors to the extent that when they met him as if he reminded his
maternal grand father
In 1325 (1946) when he was 18 years old, he left for Qom to continue his
studies and in 6month-time he studied the rest of subjects namely : Sath ,
Kefayeh and Makasib. In the same year, Allameh Tabatabee came to Qom and his
classes and sessions attracte d the active students like Shahid Beheshti who
later on took part in his classes.
In 1326 (1947) Dr. Beheshti with Shahid Motahari, and some of his friends
prepared a schedule according to which they had to go to the most remote
villages to preach Islamic values, by means of a little amount of expense
which Ayatollah Boroujerdi gave t o them to guide the villagers and inform
each other about their ideas concerning planning for future activities.
In 1327 (1948) he continued the normal high school education and he could
get his literal diploma in final exams of late comers. Then he entered the
college of Theology (at that time rational sciences)and in 1330(1951) he
received his BA. During (1329-13 30)(1950-1951) he was in Tehran and at the
end of mentioned year he returned to Qom again and this time he officially
started his teaching at Hakim Nezami high school as an English teacher.
During (1329-1330)(1951-1956) he spent his life carrying out res earches and
philosophical matters .
In Ordibehesht 1331 (May 1952) he married one of his relatives whose result
was 4 children (2 sons and 2 daughters).
In 1333 (1956-1959) he was a student of Ph.D. of theological philosophy (and
of course in 1353(1947) he defended his thesis called _the problems of Mabad
ul Tabi_e in Quran_, under guidance of the Shahid Professor Mortza Motahari.
During this time he was coming and going to Tehran and Qom.
In 1338 (1959) he founded an English class at _Din and Danesh School_
for theological students and in the same year along with the thought of the
leading figures like Motahari, Taleqani_etc, he held the monthly speech
sessions in Tehran on which the programmed lectures were held with the large
number of the students and intellectuals as an audience.
From 1339 (1960) the idea of organizing the theological center and arranging
the syllabus of it for 17 years was in his mind whose result was foundation
of _Haqqani_ and_ Montazeriyeh_ schools. In 1341 (1962) he decided to
establish the Islamic center of students and educators which was a measure
for linking between the educated people in the past and present methods.
He was actively taking part in (1341-1342)(1962-1963) campaigns. And in
collecting and composing the _statements _he was a great help. From 1342 he
formed a searching group for surveying about the Islamic government and in
the same year Savak (the contro lling system for security at that time )made
him leave Qom.
He came to Tehran and in programming on preparing the textbooks was closely
cooperating with Shahid (martyr) Bahonar, in the same year he was also
cooperating with campaigning groups and coalition bodies. Besides, he was
participating in a 4-member counc il in the name of _divine law-political
council_ with help of Shaid (martyr) Motahari, Mr. Anvari and Mr. Molaee.
In 1343 (1963) with the proposal of Ayatollah Ha_eri and Ayatollah Milani he
left for Hamburg and he began to manage and direct the mosque and formation
of religious groups of the young and revealing Shah_s (the last king )
At this time he traveled to Saudi Arabia ( in Haj. time ) Syria, Lebanon ,
Turkey to visit Imam Mousa Sadr and in 1348 he traveled to Iraq to visit
In 1349 (1970) he returned to Iran and it was impossible for him to return
to Germany. He started to teach in session for interpreting Quran and
examined the textbooks and this process continued till 1355(1976).
In 1359 (1971) he formed 50 sessions of interpreting of Quran on Saturdays
which was called _the School of Quran_ where was a place for gathering the
active young people . In 1354 (1975) due to the mentioned sessions and the
relationships with the campai gning organizations inside and out side of
Iran he was arrested by Savak and after a time he was released.
From 1355 (1976) and later he began to deal with formational tasks and in
(1356)(1977) he was determined to form the broad formations being active in
secret activities and also overtones for forming a party .In the same year
due to the disagreements amon g the Islamic active groups in abroad (which
there have been some conflicts) he traveled there and even to the United
States and he paved the ground for establishing new relationships among the
In 1357 (1978) he was arrested for a couple of days and he was freed. After
which he went to Imam Khomeini in Paris. After his return he played an
effective role regarding determining the policy of the Islamic revolution.
From Azar 1357 (December 1978) according to Imam's command he formed the
revolution's council and he was dealing with that till the victory of the
After the revolution as an intellectual person in the revolution's council
he wanted to organize and arrange the affairs. Regarding this mentioned fact
he founded the Islamic Republic Party. He took part in the election of
Experts Assembly, and as a vice president of Majlis he dealt with managing
the affairs, preparing and forming the Constitution. After resigning of the
interim government in 1358 (1979) he was doing his duty as a minister of
justice. Then through the command of Imam he was chosen and appointed as the
chairman of Supreme Court.
He was busy with his duties till the evening of Tir, 7, 1360 (June
28,1981) after Namaz Maqrib (evening prayer) and Esha (night prayer) while
giving lecture, he was martyred due to the explosion of a bomb planted by
the members of MKO terrorist group, known as Monafeqin with 72 people from
his colleagues and through the tears and sighs and sorrows of millions of
Iranian people he was buried in Behesht-e Zahra Tomb.
May his soul rest in peace.