Migration to Non-Muslim
Questions and Answers
- Question: What is the meaning
of at-ta'arrub ba'd al-hijra which is one of the major sins?
Answer: Some jurists have said that during
our time, it applies to residing in countries that may cause the loss of faith.
It means the migration of a person from a country -where it is possible for
him to learn the obligatory religious teachings and laws, and where it is
possible for him to fulfill his obligations and refrain from what is forbidden-
to a country where this possibility does not exist fully or partially.
- Question: A believer residing in Europe,
America and other similar countries feels estranged from the religious environment
in which he was born and raised. Neither does he hear the voice of the Qur'an
[recited from mosques] nor the sound of the adhan*
coming [from the minarets]; and there are no holy shrines, and their spiritual
atmosphere, that he can visit. Is leaving such an Islamic environment of his
country and its positive aspects considered "loss of faith"?
Answer: This is not the loss of faith
that would make residing in a non-Muslim country haram for that person. However,
staying away from such a religious environment may, with the passage of time,
weaken the religious resolve of the immigrant to an extent that he may consider
negligence of wajib deeds and committing of sins as insignificant. If a person
has this fear that he might lose the faith in this manner, then it is not
permissible for him to take residence in that country.
- Question: Sometimes a Muslim residing
in Europe and America (and other similar places) indulges in haram activities
that he would not have done, if he remained in his Muslim country. The manifestations
of temptation in non-Muslim societies may attract a Muslim to committing haram
deeds even if he is not inclined towards them. Does this come under the banner
of "loss of faith" that makes it haram for him to stay in that country?
Answer: Yes; unless the sins he sometimes
indulges in, and without insisting upon them, they are of the minor category.
- Question: At-ta'arrub ba'd al-hijra
has been described as "migrating to a country in which the religious knowledge
of the immigrant will decrease, thus becoming more alienated from his faith."
Does this mean that a Muslim in such countries is duty bound to be extra vigilant
lest he should become alienated from his faith?
Answer: The extra care becomes wajib when
not being mindful leads to loss of faith as described earlier.
- Question: If a religious preacher who
is mindful of his faith starts facing more situations where he commits haram
deeds because of the social environment (e.g., nudity and indecent exposures),
is it haram for him to stay in those countries; that is, should he stop propagation
(tabligh) and return to his own country?
Answer: If he indulges in some minor sins
occasionally, then it is not haram for him to stay in that country, provided
that he is confident that he would not be tempted to commit more serious sins.
- Question: If an immigrant fears the
loss of faith for his children, is it haram for him to stay in that non-Muslim
Answer: Yes, the same rule applies to
- Question: Is it wajib on the immigrants
in Europe and America (and other similar countries) to strive for teaching
their children Arabic, and that ignorance of Arabic may lead in the future
to ignorance of the main Islamic body of knowledge, and that will naturally
lead to less familiarity with religious teachings and loss of faith?
Answer: To teach them Arabic is wajib
only to the extent which is necessary for performing their religious duties
that have to be done in Arabic