AZADArI -AROUND THE WORLD

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Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar, is a period of mourning for Shia Muslims. During the month they commemorate the martyrdom of Husain, grandson of the Prophet Muhammad and the third Shia Imam, at the Battle of Karbala. The mourning events reach a climax on Ashura, the tenth day of the month

During Muharram, mapped commemorations in different countries: http://globalvoicesonline.org/2011/12/05/ashura-commemorations-around-the-world/ 

https://maps.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8hl=enmsa=0msid=211049723901618750359.000497994c76a682d224bt=hvpsrc=0source=embedll=11.513862,27.667007spn=96.805243,301.58432

http://thirdworldism.posterous.com/every-land-is-karbala-the-globalization-of-mu-0

The map is far from exhaustive, as there are literally thousands of Muharram videos on Youtube from all over the over the world. just selected a few that show the wide diversity of the rituals as they have spread around the world.

The map and videos quite neatly reflect the migration and displacement patterns of people from the time of the events of Karbala in 680AD to all corners of the globe today. It also shows something about how rituals and tradition are defined, and then continuously moulded by time and migration.

So, for example, here is one path taken. The rites travelled east from Iraq, across Persia, to North India sometime between 1300 and 1700 AD. Although Shi'ite Muslims claimed ownership of the rites, in India Sunnis and even Hindus were active participants. Somewhere along the way two things became common elements of the rites:         a drum performance known as Dhol-Tasha: (video), and         and the parading of what are known as Tazias - symbolic representations of the shrine of Karbala: (video)

During the days of the British Raj, thousands of Indian indentured labourers travelled to far flung regions of the British Empire, such as Fiji, Mauritius and the Caribbean Islands, taking these rituals with them. In Trinidad, the rites became known as the festival of Hosay, in which not only Sunnis and Hindus participated, but also Afro-Trinidadians. In Trinidad, the Dhol-Tasha drums (referred to as 'Tassa') and Tazias ('Tadja') can still clearly be seen: (video)

In recent decades there has been considerable migration of people from the Caribbean to North America. So today you can see those same Tasha drums and Tazias at Muharram commemorations in Manhattan: (video)

And in Manhattan you can also see Muharram rites being carried out by migrants from India who did not stop over in the Caribbean, something quite different: (video) There are a million other things that can be said, but have a look at the videos on the map for yourself and see.

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ASHURA AROUND THE WORLD

   
 1  Ashura in Japan    http://youtu.be/CvWUeJ0iUWc
 2  Ashura in Finland   http://youtu.be/qbr2PDggAhk
 3  Ashura in Ghana   http://youtu.be/E1QIBf5ti0s
 4  Ashura in Nigeria   http://youtu.be/-Dqgg-DJFbk
 5  ​​Ashura in Azerbaijan   http://youtu.be/eiqBU5Sp8HE
 6  Ashura in Qatif   http://youtu.be/9iIbMnhNXk4
 7  Ashura in Tanzania   http://youtu.be/pchiMq2ARyQ
 8  Ashura in Pakistan   http://youtu.be/5BCRVQk_jhU
 9  Ashura in Egypt   http://youtu.be/BZaLqU1rp6A
10  Ashura in Australia    http://youtu.be/ENFv86ZCbIE
 11  Ashura in Turkey  http://youtu.be/Dpf76qZT-L8
 12  Ashura in Iran  http://youtu.be/7Ueg4VEyRwQ
 13  Ashura in Lebanon   http://youtu.be/I0RT02mkjAc
 14  Ashura in Yemen   http://youtu.be/UxYy2QPac7c
 15  Ashura in Bahrain   http://youtu.be/FE4u5H7Iuz8
 16  Ashura in Britain   http://youtu.be/csyiKCKUX3c
 17  Ashura in Denmark  http://youtu.be/T74IqwiIwQM
 18  Ashura in Norway   http://youtu.be/bB8zfV8R5PI
 19  Ashura in Germany   http://youtu.be/Nqfx0ypqDVM
 20  Ashura in Oman   http://youtu.be/wnnft_XzTZE
 21  Ashura in Tunisia   http://youtu.be/HQeVCR8v9Ss
 22  Ashura in Thailand   http://youtu.be/2SSgPSHowo8
 23  Ashura in Sudan   http://youtu.be/chxeBmG3qFs
 24  Ashura in Sweden   http://youtu.be/Gqmly5-FePk
 25  Ashura in the Netherlands   http://youtu.be/3WAs6LXLG8M
 26  Ashura in America   http://youtu.be/ZM1ypqVwAL
 27  Ashura in Brazil   http://youtu.be/8M_psMsd_WI
 28  Ashura in Andenossia  http://youtu.be/I8GTxr9wN-0
 29  Ashura in Afghanistan   http://youtu.be/-2LskQwS1OI
 30  Ashura in Kuwait   http://youtu.be/XYTbulYKQiU
 31  Ashura in Russia   http://youtu.be/k6PCplMvrKs
 32  Ashura in Qatar  http://youtu.be/xO7Kgr9goBg
 33  Ashura in United Arab Emirates   http://youtu.be/ETHdMuKklrQ
 34  Ashura in Bangladesh   http://youtu.be/fyDNcApMG4E
 35  Ashura in France   http://youtu.be/i9khbv3GtOI
 36  Ashura in Senegal   http://youtu.be/Hkg62F0PT9w
 37  Ashura in Syria   http://youtu.be/9gHF-diRRwM
 38  Ashura in Norway  http://youtu.be/EfEqlMchj2Q
 39  Ashura in Ukraine  http://youtu.be/jSuElsO9HwA
 40  Ashura in Medina   http://youtu.be/Q7ksqzK-bVY
 41  Ashura in Kenya  http://youtu.be/vtuId45fkak
 42  Ashura in Niger  http://youtu.be/PRcn6tYTLBA
 43  Ashura in Hong Kong  http://youtu.be/GI_DtZFxX2I
 44  Ashura in Iraq  http://youtu.be/LDDs7AdtCWs
 45  Ashura in Italy  http://youtu.be/1loVhTQA3lY
 46  Ashura in Mali  http://youtu.be/57uzsivx5Dc
 47  Ashura in Ivory Coast  http://youtu.be/f0DWStASxzw
 48  Ashura in Malaysia  http://youtu.be/ylv2FkrmKzw
 49  Ashura in Morocco  http://youtu.be/aI-8N3M6Rlw
 50  Ashura in Belgium   http://youtu.be/jRAO6gf3MJQ
 51  Ashura in Switzerland  http://youtu.be/PmYPCMxb-4w
 52  Ashura in Korea   http://youtu.be/h55wNBRQp-s
 53  Ashura in China   http://youtu.be/-0O9OUhFhLM
 54  Ashura in Austria   http://youtu.be/z_dKiUjN6Yc
 55  Ashura in Algeria  http://youtu.be/fj__7lC8uws
 56  Ashura in Canada   http://youtu.be/uxu7GqWHhkw
 57  Ashura in Poland   http://youtu.be/h4S3WZK9rQk
 58  Ashura in Palestine  http://youtu.be/lcKjQngVvYo
 59  Ashura in South Africa  http://youtu.be/h1abqZL22IA
 60  Ashura in Krinada Island  http://youtu.be/8tSnvofkuJ8
 61  Ashura in Ireland  http://youtu.be/Dv0_abdrffo
 62  Ashura in New Zealand   http://youtu.be/PcF1h41wIC4
 63  Ashura in Scotland  http://youtu.be/re8UOL7SDcM
 64  Ashura in Al-Ahsa  http://youtu.be/l1yALCTvyRA
 65  Ashura in Philippines  http://youtu.be/6cvKWy89v3g
66 Ukaraine
67Brisbane Australia
68 Homs Syria