Rules Concerning Use of Lavatory /Toilet

It is obligatory to conceal one’s private parts in the toilet and at all times from adult persons even if they are one’s near relatives (like mother, sister etc.) Similarly, it is obligatory to conceal one’s private parts from insane persons, and from children who can discern between good and evil. However, husband and wife are exempted from this obligation.

While using the toilet for relieving oneself, the front or the back part of one’s body should not face the holy Kaaba.

It is recommended precaution that even a child should not be made to sit in the toilet with its face or back facing the qibla (Prayer direction. Holy Kaaba in Mecca) But if the child positions itself that way, it is not obligatory to divert it.

It is unlawful (haraam) to relieve oneself at the following four places:

1. In blind alleys, without the permission of the people who live there.

2. On the property (land) of a person who has not granted permission for the purpose.

3. At a place which is endowed (waqf) exclusively for its beneficiaries, like Madressas (religious schools).

4. On graves of believers (momineen), and at the sacred places whose sanctity will thus be violated.

In the same way one should avoid relieving oneself on the road side or under the shade of the fruit-yielding tree and also avoid facing the wind. One must also avoid relieving oneself in stationery water.

It is detestable (makrooh) to constrain one’s urge for urination or excretion, and if it is absolutely injurious to one’s health, it becomes unlawful (haraam). It is recommended (mustahab) to urinate before ritual prayer (namaz), before retiring to sleep, before sexual intercourse and after ejaculation.



1. You must ask permission to use the toilet if it does not belong to you.

2. It is mustahab to wear slippers whilst in the toilet.

3. While in the toilet, must at least be able to cover your private parts from others.

4. It is haram to face qibla or to keep qibla towards the back whilst using the toilet.

5. You must use tahir water to wash yourself by first removing the najis items and then pouring water at least twice, better still thrice.

6. It is makruh to urinate whilst standing.

7. It is makruh to hold on to one's want to visit the toilet, and if it harms one's health then it is haram.

8. It is mustahab to urinate before salaa and before going to sleep.

9. It is mustahab to enter the toilet with your left foot and come out with your right foot.

10. It is makruh to wash oneself with the right hand.

Other iSsues when using the Toilet pdf link



If you wish to offer a prayer and need to go to toilet, you may begin with the latter. There are many reported etiquettes of going to toilet.

You may precede your left foot to the right when entering the water closet (or the place where you excrete) and say the following:

بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ وَبِٱللَّهِ

اعُوذُ بِٱللَّهِ مِنَ ٱلرِّجْسِ ٱلنَّجِسِ

ٱلْخَبِيثِ ٱلْمُخْبِثِ

ٱلشَّيْطَانِ ٱلرَّجِيمِ

bismill¡hi wa bill¡hi

a`£dhu bill¡hi min alrrijsi alnnajisi

alkhab¢thi almukhbithi

alshshay§¡ni alrraj¢mi

O Allah I seek refuge with you from the disgraceful, impure, evil , wicked shaytan. O Allah draw out from me the harm(damage) and protect me from the accursed shaytan. Praise be to Allah the protector and provider.

you may utter the basmalah:

بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحْمٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

bismill¡hi alrra¦m¡ni alrra¦¢mi

In the Name of Allah; the All-beneficent, the All-merciful.


At such a situation, you must try to cover your private parts, letting nobody see them. It is ¦ar¡m (i.e. religiously unlawful) to sit, for excretion, facing the kiblah direction or giving it one’s back.

أَللّٰهُمَّ أَذْهِبْ عَنِّي الْقَذى وَالأَذى، وَاجْعَلْنِي مِنَ الْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ.

O Allah remove from me the worry (annoyance) and harm and make me from among the purified ones

While excreting, it is recommended to say the following:

اللَّهُمَّ اطْعِمْنِي طَيِّباً فِي عَافِيَةٍ

all¡humma a§`imn¢ §ayyiban f¢ `¡fiyatin

wa akhrijhu minn¢ khab¢than f¢ `¡fiyatin

O Allah ! Just as You nourished me for good health remove from me the harmful for my health.

وَاخْرِجْهُ مِنِّي خَبِيثاً فِي عَافِيَةٍ

If your sight falls on the excrement, you may say the following:

اَللَّهُمَّ ٱرْزُقْنِي ٱلْحَلاَلَ

all¡humma urzuqn¢ al¦al¡la

wa jannibn¢ al¦ar¡ma

O Allah provide me with the halal (permissible) and keep away the haram

وَجَنِّبْنِي ٱلْحَرَامَ


When you finish and want to clean yourself, you may first of all try to make sure that you have discharged the entire waste. Then, you may say the prayer that is said when one’s eye falls on water:

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ٱلَّذِي جَعَلَ ٱلْمَاءَ طَهُوراً

al¦amdu lill¡hi alladh¢ ja`ala alm¡'a §ah£ran

wa lam yaj`alhu najisan

: All praise be to Allah Who has made water pure and has not made it impure.

وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْهُ نَجِساً


While cleaning yourself from the waste, you may say the following:

اللَّهُمَّ حَصِّنْ فَرْجِي وَاعِفَّهُ

وَٱسْتُرْ عَوْرَتِي

وَحَرِّمْنِي عَلَىٰ ٱلنَّارِ

all¡humma ¦a¥¥in farj¢ wa a`iffah£

wastur `awrat¢

wa ¦arrimn¢ `al¡ alnn¡ri

O Allah make me chaste , cover my private parts and keep me away from the hell fire.


When you finish and stand up, you may rub your abdomen with your right hand and say the following:

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ٱلَّذِي امَاطَ عَنِّيَ ٱلاذَىٰ

وَهَنَّانِي طَعَامِي وَشَرَابِي

وَعَافَانِي مِنَ ٱلْبَلْوَىٰ

al¦amdu lill¡hi alladh¢ am¡§a `anniya al-adh¡

wa hanna'an¢ §a`¡m¢ wa shar¡b¢

wa `¡f¡n¢ min albalw¡

All praise be to Allah Who has kept me away from harm, delighted me with my food and drink and restored my health from distress

You may then leave the water closet (or the place where you have excreted), preceding your right foot to the left and saying the following:

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ٱلَّذِي عَرَّفَنِي لَذَّتَهُ

وَابْقَىٰ فِي جَسَدِي قُوَّتَهُ

وَاخْرَجَ عَنِّي اذَاهُ

يَا لَهَا نِعْمَةً

يَا لَهَا نِعْمَةً

يَا لَهَا نِعْمَةً

لاَ يُقَدِّرُ ٱلْقَادِرُونَ قَدْرَهَا

al¦amdu lill¡hi alladh¢ `arrafan¢ ladhdhatah£

wa abq¡ f¢ jasad¢ quwwatah£

wa akhraja `ann¢ adh¡hu

y¡ lah¡ ni`matan

y¡ lah¡ ni`matan

y¡ lah¡ ni`matan

l¡ yuqaddiru alq¡dir£na qadrah¡

All praise be to Allah who made me know its pleasure. Retained in my body its power and removed from me its harm.


It is a blessing

Its is a blessing

It is a blessing


No assessor can assess its (no calculator can calculate) its worth (value.

Cleansing the Teeth

If you then intend to perform the ritual ablution (wu¤£'), you may before that begin with brushing the teeth with the misw¡k (a stick used for cleansing the teeth), because it cleanse the mouth, removes phlegm, strengthens the memory, increases the good deeds, and pleases the Exalted Lord. A two-unit prayer that is preceded by cleansing the teeth is more favorable than seventy-unit prayer without it. If a misw¡k is not available, it is acceptably sufficient to use one’s finger (for cleansing the teeth).

10. The manners and advantages of cleaning one's teeth (khilal): From Tehzibul Islam Allama Majlisi

A tradition from Imam Ja'far-e-Sadiq (a.s.) states that Hazrat Jibrael (a.s.) brought for the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) Miswak Khilal (toothpick) and horn for vivisection and said that Khilal strengthens the roots of teeth, makes them healthy and increases daily income.

A tradition from Imam Ja'far-e-Sadiq (a.s.) states that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has prohibited the use of pomegranate or any fruit-tree's branch as khilal as it causes dandruff.

According to Hazrat Ali (a.s.), doing khilal with the wood of Jhao causes poverty.

Another tradition states that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has ordained that the host should provide his guest with khilal for angels look with anger at the food particles trapped in any one's teeth.

A tradition from Imam Ja'far-e-Sadiq (a.s.) states that the food particles which cling to the roots of the teeth should be eaten and those which are trapped between the teeth should be taken out and thrown away.

According to Imam Ja'far-e-Sadiq (a.s.), whatever is removed with khilal should not be eaten as it causes internal wounds.




48. In al-Faqih: When the  "Holy Prophet" wanted to enter the washroom he said:

أَللّٰهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الرِّجْسِ النَّجِسِ الْخَبِيثِ الْمُخْبَثِ الشَّيْطَانِ، أَللّٰهُمَّ أَمْطِ عَنِّي الأَذى وَأَعِذْنِي مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ.

O All¡h   ! I seek refuge with You from the filth of the impurity of the evil of the reviled Shaitan. O All¡h! Pull away from me all uncleanliness and protect me from the accursed Shaitan.

And when he sat to relieve himself he said:

أَللّٰهُمَّ أَذْهِبْ عَنِّي الْقَذى وَالأَذى، وَاجْعَلْنِي مِنَ الْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ.

O All¡h  ! Remove from me the filth and impurity and make me from among the ones who purify themselves.

When he became affected with a looseness of bowels he said:

أَللّٰهُمَّ كَمَا أَطْعَمْتَنِيهِ طَيِّبًا فِي عَافِيَةٍ فَأَخْرِجْهُ مِنِّي خَبِيـثًا فِي عَافِيَةٍ.

O All¡h " ! Just as You have fed me with its goodness in well-being, then take its filth out of me in well-being.

And when he entered the toilet he would say:

أَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ الْحَافِظِ الْمُؤَدِّي.

Praise be to All¡h , The Protector and The Fulfiller (of needs).

When he came out (from the toilet) he passed his hand over his stomach and said:

أَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ الَّذِي أَخْرَجَ عَنِّي أَذَاهُ، وَأَبْقى فِيَّ قُوَّتَهُ، فَيَالَهَا مِنْ نِعْمَةٍ لاَ يُقَدِّرُ الْقَادِرُونَ قَدْرَهَا.

Praise be to All¡h   , the One who removed from me its filth and left in me its strength. What a (great) blessing it is – the real value of which cannot be fully appreciated by anyone.[i]


[i] al-Faqih 1:23 and 25