In the Name of
God; the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
1. Deliberate termination of a human fetus in a
surgical, chemical or by any other artificial
method is intrinsically an unlawful act in Islam
and its doer will be held liable both in here
and in the hereafter.
2. A pregnant woman from the Islamic point of
view is not the owner of her fetus as parents
are not the owners of their children. She is
rather entrusted with a human being in its early
stages of its life responsible for its
nourishment and development. The likeness of a
mother's womb in Islam is the likeness of
enriched tilth for cultivation.
3. In Islam ‘all life matters'. Killing an
innocent human even in its early stages as in
abortion is like killing the whole of mankind,
and to save a single human even in its fetus or
embryonic stage is like saving the life of the
whole of mankind.
4. Killing an innocent human is considered to be
one of the mortal sins.
5. There are specified fiscal penalties for
killing or aborting a fetus. Although there is
no ethical difference between taking the life of
an unborn child at 5 weeks gestation or at 24
weeks gestation, given that the same child is
just 19 weeks more mature, there is a different
fiscal penalty for them. In Islam, the age of
the fetus is divided into five stages commencing
from the very conception and the amount of the
penalty varies accordingly.
6. If a mother aborted her fetus without the
consent of her husband, he should be compensated
and as the ‘killer' of her child, she will be
deprived of inheriting from her child.
Similarly, if a man forces his wife to abort the
fetus he is liable to compensate his wife and as
the ‘killer' of his child, he will be deprived
of its inheritance.
7. A Prophetic tradition states that on the Day
of Judgment the first case is about shedding
innocent blood. The terminated fetus will
confront its killer saying: “For what sin, was I
8. The above verdicts are for the cases that
abortion is done for selfish and personal not
medical reasons. Abortion is permissible only if
the life of the mother is at a serious risk,
otherwise. The doer, however, will be still
liable to pay the fiscal penalty.
9. The usage of various contraceptives which
temporarily prevent conception are permissible
in Islam, given they do not cause serious harm
to the mother.