These points were
done just off hand. For a proper article ,there
needs to be a lot of additions required -
specially Holy verses and Holy traditions. Lot
of analysis and situations need to be discussed.
Making such a document may need time that is
difficult to get presently.:-
1. There is
ultimately a common man behind any Alim. You can
first apply the general rules that are
applicable to know the integrity of a common man
to an Alim. Lots of general rules apply.
2. You do not make
ultimate decisions related to any person
including an Alim. Personalities change. When
Allah (S.W.T.) has provided him time till death
then you are no one to find an alternate to this
rule. But don't allow any person to affect the
interests of Shias.
3. When there is
any wrong action you need to do Amr bil Maarof
and Nahi anil Munkar irrespective of the person
involved is a common man or an Alim.
4. Besides Abm/Nam
there is also a very important aspect to be
noted - defense of Shias. Whether there is a
common man or an Alim working against the
interests of any/all shias you need to stand in
front of him. This is truer related to an Alim
than a common man and you need to be more
observant in this case when looking at an Alim.
5. You need to
learn more about the prescribed law in Islam.
Judge the person according to his actions. If
you find them to be in accordance with the law
then he is a good person or Alim and if you do
not find them to be in accordance to law then it
can be specifically at least said about the Alim
in most of the case that he is not genuine.
6. Don't form
opinions about anyone based on the opinions of
those who themselves do not know and understand
the Islamic law.
7. You will find a
good Alim always giving preference to the work
of Shias to his personal needs. This may be to
an extent that whatever he tries to gather for
himself, he has plans to ultimately benefit the
shias. This may be difficult to know but not
impossible when you have an interaction with the
8. You cannot
always react to personalities. You need to react
to apparent actions that have been performed or
is presently being performed / apparently
planned to be performed.
9. In many cases
you cannot degrade a person to know about him.
10. You cannot
rely on any person 100%. You need to have
certain checkpoints always in place.
11. When you
interact with an Alim you find yourself closer
to Allah (S.W.T.).
12. The Alim
relates himself to Allah (S.W.T.) and the holy
AhlulBayt (A.S.) more often.
13. Love of Allah
(S.W.T.) and the Holy AhlulBayt (A.S.) shine
from his forehead.
14. The Alim has
emotional feelings for the Law of Allah (S.W.T.).
15. A good Alim
will not leave you because you offend/ cause
loss to him if there is a purpose of Allah (S.W.T.)
associated with you. An Alim will not associate
very closely with you even if you favor him with
appreciation and otherwise if there is no
purpose of Allah (S.W.T.) in it.
16. After all the
necessary/ religiously possible ways even if you
rely on an Alim, you should always ultimately
rely on Allah (S.W.T.). An alim can desert you
but the base on which this reliance was
standing, that is relying on Allah (S.W.T.) will
always stand by you and your purpose.
17. Duas are
useful for anything and everything. You can
sincerely ask Allah (S.W.T.) for guidance
related to this matter as well.
18. Ultimately, be
lenient with others and firm with your own self
if there is no associated risk for the shias or
any aspect of Abm/Nam. This will help you in
this life and the hereafter.
19.A genuine Alim
may make genuine mistakes. If an Alim happens to
commit a mistake it does not mean that he is not
genuine. But when he realizes it or when he is
reminded about it then he accepts the mistake
There are many
more points on this topic and also complex
situations involved in these points. But in
general, these may help
When we say "no associated risk for the shias "
& "But don't allow any person to affect the
interests of Shias " ,"working against the
interests of any/all shias" it implies that we
are supposed to judge this ourselves through our
own common intellect and using the shariat as
the benchmark. We cannot rely on any Alim for
this. We should listen to the reasonings of an
Alim and then deduce ourselves. Inputs are from
others, using our intellect with the benchmark
of shariat is from our own selves.
Also, you are supposed to do taqleed in getting
the theory (Islamic Laws - Hukm) and not
deciding the subject matter (mauzoo) in